Coronavirus: German plan to restart shops, schools and football

German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends the weekly cabinet meeting, as the spread of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues, in Berlin, Germany, May 6, 2020

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Chancellor Merkel is expected to hand responsibility for lifting the lockdown to Germany’s 16 states

Chancellor Angela Merkel has held a video summit with the leaders of Germany’s 16 states to agree on how to move to a wider reopening of society.

According to a leaked draft of the deal, shops, schools and the Bundesliga football league will all be part of an extensive plan to emerge from the coronavirus lockdown.

The states themselves will be given control of timing the reopening.

A limited resumption has already begun, but this would be far more widespread.

Germany has seen fewer than 7,000 deaths in the coronavirus pandemic – a much lower figure than seen in other Western European countries including the UK, Italy, France and Spain.

The RKI public health institute reported 165 deaths in the past 24 hours on Wednesday and some 947 new infections. Significantly the rate of infection has been consistently low for some time.

What will Merkel decide?

Popular Bild daily newspaper announced on Wednesday that Germany was opening up again. And broadly that is what the draft deal proposes.

Schools have already begun opening for older children; the plan is now for all pupils to return to school gradually during the summer term.

The draft agreement reached late on Tuesday suggests the chancellor will allow each state to decide how fast to open up again after the country went into lockdown on 17 March.

Shops of all sizes will also be allowed to reopen; restaurants, hotels and gyms too. But as a number of the 16 states have been less affected by the crisis than others, some are more eager to reopen than others.

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Media captionProtesters say their constitutional rights are being eroded

Bavaria in the south plans to reopen restaurants on 18 May while Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the north plans to do that this Saturday.

Reopening restaurants and hotels is seen as a particular risk because it will heighten the number of people travelling across Germany and raising infection rates.

Germany, in common with other countries, is wary of a second surge in infections. So under the draft plan, if new infections rise to above 50 people in every 100,000 over a seven-day period, then the reopening has to be reversed.

A return to football?

The German football league, the Bundesliga is also likely to get the green light to resume.

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Bayern Munich are among a number of Bundesliga clubs to have returned to training

So-called ghost games without spectators could start again as early as 15 or 21 May as long as a two-week quarantine is put in place for the players, in the form of a type of training camp.

It would be the first big European football league to resume after the pandemic. However, it is not without risk. Ten positive cases were revealed this week by the German football league out of 1,724 tests across the top two divisions.

Not everyone has been happy with the speed of reopening. Baden-W├╝rttemberg state premier Winfried Kretschmann accused “a whole row of colleagues of rushing ahead with their own openings”.

Meanwhile, tourism commissioner Thomas Bareiss has held out the hope that Germans will be able to go on holiday this summer.

If the outbreak remained under control, he suggested they could go away in Germany and in neighbouring countries that had seen a similar drop in infections.